SEC Filings

10-K
AVEXIS, INC. filed this Form 10-K on 03/18/2016
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Table of Contents

loss on sale that we incurred in connection with the disposition of this business, are presented as discontinued operations in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

Critical Accounting Policies and Significant Judgments and Estimates

        This discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based on our consolidated financial statements, which we have prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of our consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of our consolidated financial statements, as well as the reported revenues and expenses during the reported periods. We evaluate these estimates and judgments on an ongoing basis. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other factors that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

        While our significant accounting policies are more fully described in Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements appearing elsewhere in this Annual Report, we believe that the following accounting policies are critical to the process of making significant judgments and estimates in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements and understanding and evaluating our reported financial results.

Research and Development Costs

        Research and development costs are expensed as incurred. Research and development expenses are comprised of costs incurred in performing research and development activities, including salaries, employee stock-based compensation and benefits, stock-based compensation expense related to restricted common stock grants and stock warrant issuances to consultants assisting us in the research and development of our product candidates, third-party license fees, and external costs of outside vendors engaged to conduct preclinical development activities and trials.

        Upfront and milestone payments made to third parties who perform research and development services on our behalf are expensed as services are rendered or when they no longer have alternative future use. Costs incurred in obtaining technology licenses are charged to research and development expense as acquired in-process research and development if the technology licensed has not reached technological feasibility and has no alternative future use.

Stock-Based Compensation

        We account for stock-based compensation awards in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718, Compensation—Stock Compensation, or ASC 718. ASC 718 requires all stock-based payments to employees, including grants of employee stock options, to be recognized in the statement of operations based on their fair values. Our stock-based compensation awards have historically consisted of stock options and shares of restricted stock. In addition, certain other equity transactions involving our directors and executive officers have had a compensatory element, which we also account for as stock-based awards.

        Our stock-based awards are subject to either service or performance-based vesting conditions. Compensation expense related to awards to employees with only service-based vesting conditions is recognized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service vesting portion of the award as if the award was, in substance, multiple awards, or the Graded Vesting Attribution Method, based on the estimated grant date fair value for each separately vesting tranche. Compensation expense related to awards to non-employees with only service-based vesting conditions is recognized based on the

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