the impact of laws and regulations.
You should refer to “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our Annual Report, and the discussion in this Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, for a discussion of important factors that may cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by our forward-looking statements. As a result of these factors, we cannot assure you that the forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report will prove to be accurate. Furthermore, if our forward-looking statements prove to be inaccurate, the inaccuracy may be material. In light of the significant uncertainties in these forward-looking statements, you should not regard these statements as a representation or warranty by us or any other person that we will achieve our objectives and plans in any specified time frame, or at all. The forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report represent our views as of the date of this Quarterly Report. We anticipate that subsequent events and developments may cause our views to change. However, while we may elect to update these forward-looking statements at some point in the future, we undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law. You should, therefore, not rely on these forward-looking statements as representing our views as of any date subsequent to the date of this Quarterly Report.
You should read this Quarterly Report and the documents that we reference in this Quarterly Report and have filed as exhibits to this Quarterly Report completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect. We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements.
We are a clinical-stage gene therapy company dedicated to developing and commercializing novel treatments for patients suffering from rare and life-threatening neurological genetic diseases. Our initial product candidate, AVXS-101, is our proprietary gene therapy product candidate. We are conducting our pivotal clinical trial for AVXS-101 for the treatment of spinal muscular atrophy Type 1, or SMA Type 1, the leading genetic cause of infant mortality. SMA Type 1 is a lethal genetic disorder characterized by motor neuron loss and associated muscle deterioration, resulting in mortality or the need for permanent ventilation support before the age of two for greater than 90% of patients. The survival motor neuron protein, or SMN, is a critical protein for normal motor neuron signaling and function. Patients with SMA Type 1 either have experienced a deletion of their SMN1 genes, which prevents them from producing adequate levels of functional SMN protein, or carry a mutation in their SMN1 gene. AVXS-101 is designed to deliver a fully functional human SMN gene into the nuclei of motor neurons that then generates an increase in SMN protein levels and we believe this will result in improved motor neuron function and patient outcomes.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration, or FDA, and the European Medicines Agency, or EMA, have each granted AVXS-101 orphan drug designation for the treatment of SMA, and the FDA has granted AVXS-101 fast track designation for the treatment of SMA Type 1. The FDA granted breakthrough therapy designation for AVXS-101 for the treatment of SMA Type 1 in pediatric patients, and the EMA granted access into its PRIority MEdicines, or PRIME, program for AVXS-101 for the treatment of SMA Type 1. In addition to developing AVXS-101 to treat SMA Type 1, we plan to develop AVXS-101 to treat additional SMA types and develop other novel treatments for rare neurological genetic diseases.
We expect to conduct an end-of-Phase 1 meeting with the FDA late in the fourth quarter of 2017, which we expect will help further inform the regulatory pathway for AVXS-101. We anticipate providing an update on the outcome of that meeting once the official minutes are available, which we anticipate to be early in the first quarter of 2018. With the pivotal trial initiated, we are continuing discussions with the FDA on key topics, including dosing, for intrathecal administration of AVXS-101 for the planned clinical trial in patients with SMA Type 2. We intend to initiate a pivotal trial of AVXS-101 for the treatment of SMA Type 1 in Europe during the first half of 2018.
Pivotal Trial of AVXS-101
In September 2017, based on the FDA’s review of our clinical, chemistry, manufacturing and control data, including a potency assay of AVXS-101, we initiated our pivotal trial of AVXS-101 for patients with SMA Type 1 using the intravenous, or IV, formulation produced by our GMP commercial manufacturing process. The first patient in the clinical trial was dosed during the fourth quarter 2017.